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Nepal

General Information of Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked country with a total land area of 147,181 sq. km. It lies between 26º 22' N - 30º 27' N latitude and 80º 4'E - 88º 12'E longitude. Roughly rectangular in shape, the land extends approximately 885-kms-east west and 145 kms. The country is bordered by China in the north and India in the south, west and east.

The land mass is divided into three geographical zones. The snow capped high Himalayas, the mountainous region with long terraced slopes leading to fertile valleys and the flat sub-tropical Terai region. The high Himalayan region extends in the north from west to east at an altitude of 4,000 m. to 8,848 m. The world famous peak of Mt. Everest (8848 m.), Kanchanjunga (8586m), Makalu (8463m.), Dhaulagiri (8167m.) Annapurna (8091m.) and many others dominate the formidable range of everlasting snows. The alpine region consists of mountain ranges of Mahabharata varying in height from 1525 m. to 4877m.

Below these ranges lies the Churia range at 610 m. to 1524-m. Fertile valleys of various width and altitude lie between these mountain and hill ranges. The southern belt stretches east to west by a width of 26 to 32 km. and a maximum elevation of abot 305 metres.

General Information :

Location: Between India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
Area: 147, 181 Sq. Kms.
Latitude: 26 degree 12 ' and 30 degree 27' North
Longitude: 80 degree 4' and 88 degree 12' East
Capital: Kathmandu
People: Over 40 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages

Topography:
From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to highest point on earth "The Everest"

Weather:
Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes

Seasons:
Winter (December-February), Summer (March-May), Monsoon (June-Aug), Autumn (Sept-Nov)

Monsoon:

Mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking.

National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)

National Flower: Rhododendron Arboretum (Lali Gurans)

A Living Cultural Heritage:

Our heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism & Witch-craft are still practised in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums.

Nature:

Traditionally, Nepal has always been the dream destination for adventure seekers. But Nepal has something for all tastes and pockets. The glorious sunrise from Nagarkot, the majestic mountain flights, shopping for Nepalese artifacts as well as for international quality brands, Nepal offers a wealth of activities for leisure seekers also. Sports and other activities such as nature or bird-watching walks, nature photography and fishing are increasing in popularity. Gambling for fun has also become one of the prime activities for leisure-visitors with new casinos already in Kathmandu. New golfing, with several golf courses opening in Kathmandu, Dharan and Pokhara making it possible for a very pleasant activity after the office grind. All in all, Nepal has probably the best of all-round leisure activities that a small and landlocked country can offer

History:

Nepal is a country of ancient civilization which can be traced thousand of years before the birth of Christ (B.C.). In its along and glorious history Nepal has remained always sovereign and never bowed to any foreign power. Although Nepal was modernised by King Prithivi Narayan Shah of present dynasty after consolidating number of principalities and conquering the Kathmandu Valley in 1768 A.D., there were many glorious dynasties who contributed a lot to its sovereignty, In fact most of the monuments, Pagodas and Stupas, Monasteries which stand as an example of our glorious past originated from the Mall dynasty i.e. from 12 to 18 century.

With the fall of Rana regime in February 1951 after a popular revolution, Nepal saw the dawn of democracy. A democratic revolt of 1990 has restored the Multi-Party-Democratic Country with constitutional monarchy according to the new constitution of November 1990.

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